3 ways to save a control network from office network gremlins
Certain safeguards can help system integrators and others protect control networks from interconnected office networks, according to Contemporary Controls.
Three techniques—overlapped VLANs, rate limiting, and port security can help a system integrator, end-user, or an original equipment manufacturer safeguard a control network from office network or office equipment, such as Microsoft Windows PCs, according to Contemporary Controls , a manufacturer of industrial networking products.
Overlapped VLANs . Bennet Levine, R&D manager for Contemporary Controls, says an overlapped VLAN (virtual local area network) provided by managed switches can allow one or multiple devices to have access to more than one VLAN. “That is, one or several devices can exist in multiple VLANs,” says Levine. “All other communications between the VLANs is blocked. For example, such an arrangement can allow a SCADA system to be shared between the office network VLAN and the control network VLAN, while blocking all other access between these VLANs. This enables SCADA communication with control network devices and allows office network devices to determine control network status while protecting the rest of the control network from office network problems. Any office network issues will only affect the SCADA system. The rest of the control system will remain protected.”
Rate limiting . Rate limiting is a managed-switch feature, which can be employed to limit the bandwidth consumed by devices connected to specific ports of the switch. The user can specify a maximum bandwidth for each port of the switch. This can, for example, be used to limit the level of traffic being sent to a sensitive piece of equipment. Another use of this feature is to limit the traffic being sent to the control network from the office network. “In this way excessive traffic problems created by the office network, such as broadcast storms or directed message storms can be controlled by rate limiting,” says Levine. “If you use Microsoft Windows PCs in your control system, these devices can cause problems for the rest of the control system. It is recommended that rate limiting be used on all switch ports that connect to any Windows PCs. Rate limiting can also control the level of multicast messages.”
Port security . This feature can be used to control which devices can communicate through specific ports of a managed switch. This can determine which office network devices can communicate with the control network, minimizing the problems presented by the office network. For example, port security can be used to only allow the plant manager and the engineering manager to have access to the control network from their computers on the office network. This would stop problems caused by any other office devices from reaching the control network.
Levine says these features protect a control network from problems that could cause production losses. Certain network equipment, such as Contemporary Controls CTRLink line of Ethernet managed switches (EICP, EISX, and EISB), can provide these functions. Contemporary Controls is based in Downers Grove, IL.
—Edited by Mark T. Hoske , Control Engineering editor in chief