Security leads discussions at CCPS conference

Jacksonville, FL—Risk management professionals met Oct. 8-11, 2002, at the Center for Chemical Process Safety's (CCPS) 17th annual international conference and workshops. Past conferences included sharing of best practices in risk, reliability and security of chemical processes, but this year's event focused on what is required to manage risk from intentional criminal and terrorist attacks.

10/14/2002


Jacksonville, FL— Risk management professionals met Oct. 8-11, 2002, at the Center for Chemical Process Safety 's (CCPS) 17th annual international conference and workshops. Past conferences included sharing of best practices in risk, reliability and security of chemical processes, but this year's event focused on what is required to manage risk from intentional criminal and terrorist attacks.

One well-attended, all-day workshop, entitled 'Bomb Countermeasures and Plant Security,' was conducted by Craig Gundry of Critical Intervention Services (Hillsborough, Pinellas, FL). Having this type of title as part of the CCPS event is a major departure from previous years, and proof that the chemical industry is serious about protecting its assets from being used as weapons.

Chemical plants will no doubt use more law enforcement methods to deter criminal and terrorist attacks. However, it's not the only thing they can do. Now is a good time for chemical processors to research whether different chemical technology and/or different processing methods might create safer, less likely targets for criminal or terrorist attacks.

Assessing vulnerability
Even before Sept. 11, the American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE, New York, NY) CCPS division and Sandia National Laboratories were developing industry vulnerability assessment methods. Following Sept. 11, both organizations accelerated efforts to complete these assessment methods to help industries and sites determine their vulnerability to criminal or terrorist attacks.

The methods of both organizations have similarities. CCPS' Security Vulnerability Analysis (SVA) is based on the CCPS book, 'Guidelines for Managing and Analyzing the Security Vulnerabilities of Fixed Chemical Sites,' which is available from AIChE's online bookstore.

CCPS recognizes that many companies don't have or aren't in a position to hire, train, and keep retraining individuals knowledgeable in addressing site vulnerability. Thus, CCPS is launching a Certified Security Vulnerability Analyst (CSVA) training process. The course is for individuals responsible for conducing security vulnerability analysis and managing chemical security at fixed facilities. Areas covered in the CSVA training program include:

  • New paradigm of chemical process security;

  • Security strategies;

  • Definitions of terms for SVA;

  • Commonly used assessment techniques; and

  • SVA limitations.

To learn more about the CCPS CSVA program, visit www.aiche.org/education .

Sandia's assessment process is entitled 'Vulnerability Assessment Methodology for Chemical Facilities (VAM-CF).' Steps included in VAM-CF are:

  • Screening;

  • Project definition;

  • Planning;

  • Site survey;

  • Analysis;

  • Risk reduction;

  • Impacts; and

  • Final report.

To learn more about the Sandia VAM-CF, visit www.sandia.gov .

Meanwhile, an unrelated, but interesting presentation by lawyer Mark Dreux discussed the benefits of evaluating safety and health issues as part of the due diligence in mergers and acquisitions. Mr. Dreux stated that many mergers and acquisitions never consider potential safety and health liabilities; past and pending regulatory violation citations; or overall attitudes toward health and safety. Mr. Dreux cited one merger he helped facilitate in which the due diligence process changed the purchase price by $18 million because of safety and health-related issues.

Keynote
Charles Jeffress, new coo of the U.S. Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board , delivered the CCPS keynote address, which really was a down-to-earth explanation of the difference between government regulatory agencies and government boards. Regulatory agencies deal with previously recognized incidents, and then establish and enforce minimum compliance standards that are attainable by all regulated industries.

Boards are proactive in nature, working within assigned industries to assist companies of varying sizes and sophistication to investigate incidents in order to identify root-causes, and then develop and communicate appropriate best practices to avoid similar incidents in the future. Boards also make recommendations to regulating agencies on possible changes and additions to improve regulatory effectiveness.

In conclusion, Mr. Jeffress encouraged workers in the chemical industry to send the U.S. Chemical Board their thoughts on the following questions:

  • 1) Where does the U.S. Chemical Board need to strengthen its positions and focus its efforts? For example, investigation of near misses provided more education and increased small business assistance.

  • 2) What would be industry's suggestion for areas of broader studies?

  • 3) Where and how would it be best to expand education resources?

PSID project
A project CCPS undertook several years ago was the development of a Process Safety Incident Database (PSID). The latest version of PSID is still in beta testing, but plans are to release the latest version within the next month or so.

Since its inception PSID has undergone a number of design changes, mostly addressing technology issues. This latest upgrade migrated the standalone version to a web-based version.

The goal of PSID is twofold. First, it helps member chemical producer companies meet OSHA PSM requirements to share incident information, including root causes. Second, PSID enables member companies to learn from peers, without revealing the source. This is extremely valuable information when conducting HAZOP audits and/or planning equipment and/or process changes.

Using an online database, PSID provides flexible, easy-to-use, and yet powerful search tools to identify and rank results. PSID reports can be created using 2D graphs, Paretto charts and crosstabs. Report results are easily pasted into Microsoft Word or Excel applications.

Annual membership to use the PSID database requires two things, a commitment to contribute a negotiated number of incidents each year and a relatively small amount of money. Operated by CCPS at cost, annual membership fees divides the previous year's administration costs by the number of members. Currently, PSID has 23 member companies, and annual membership fees run about $6,000.

www.aiche.org/ccps .

Control Engineering Daily News Desk
Dave Harrold, senior editor
dharrold@reedbusiness.com





No comments
The Engineers' Choice Awards highlight some of the best new control, instrumentation and automation products as chosen by...
The System Integrator Giants program lists the top 100 system integrators among companies listed in CFE Media's Global System Integrator Database.
The Engineering Leaders Under 40 program identifies and gives recognition to young engineers who...
This eGuide illustrates solutions, applications and benefits of machine vision systems.
Learn how to increase device reliability in harsh environments and decrease unplanned system downtime.
This eGuide contains a series of articles and videos that considers theoretical and practical; immediate needs and a look into the future.
Additive manufacturing advancements; Machine vision enhances robotics; Fieldbus evolution; Process safety; Advice from System Integrators of the Year; Road to IANA
Salary and career survey: Benchmarks and advice; Designing controls; Remote data collection, historians; Control valve advances; Hannover Messe; Control Engineering International
System integration: Best practices and technologies to help; Virtualization virtues; Cyber security advice; Motor system efficiency, savings; Product exclusives; Road to Hannover
This article collection contains several articles on the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) and how it is transforming manufacturing.
PLCs, robots, and the quest for a single controller; how OEE is key to automation solutions.

Find and connect with the most suitable service provider for your unique application. Start searching the Global System Integrator Database Now!

The digital oilfield: Utilizing Big Data can yield big savings; Virtualization a real solution; Tracking SIS performance
Getting to the bottom of subsea repairs: Older pipelines need more attention, and operators need a repair strategy; OTC preview; Offshore production difficult - and crucial
Digital oilfields: Integrated HMI/SCADA systems enable smarter data acquisition; Real-world impact of simulation; Electric actuator technology prospers in production fields
click me