Servo motor versus induction motor systems

Cover story tutorial: Choosing between permanent magnet servo motor or induction motor systems depends on application performance criteria. Consider this advice for the best fit. See more information and photos online, including comparative table.

10/31/2012


Control Engineering, October 2012Motor selection: When deciding between permanent magnet (PM) servo motor or induction motor systems, consider dynamic performance, torque density, inertia matching, and control schemes. Choosing between servos and induction motors depends on the level of application performance and costs. Induction motors are simple, low cost, and straightforward.

Servo motors can offer higher performance, faster speeds, and smaller sizes. PM synchronous motors offer advantages on high-energy- consuming and high-dynamic applications, compared to induction motors. Variable frequency drives used with asynchronous motors also can be used with synchronous servo motors, producing higher efficiencies than an asynchronous motor, using perhaps 30% less energy in positioning applications.

Induction motor systems (lower cost, rugged, reliable, and well known) can offer an alternative to servo motor systems (the traditional, established solution) for certain applications. This, of course, is based on similar electronic controls being used (with the latest technology and approximately the same cost), leaving the cost of motors the differentiating issue.

Thanks to Frank Bartos, Control Engineering contributing editor, and to the four authors below, for the information above. In this issue, “Inside Machines” has a direct drive rotary motor technologies article.

- Edited by Mark T. Hoske, content manager, CFE Media, Control Engineering, mhoske@cfemedia. com.

The articles below were in the cover story in a shorter format. Links to the longer online versions follow.

 

Permanent magnet motors outperform induction motors in many applications

Permanent magnet synchronous motors offer significant advantages on high-energy-consuming and high-dynamic applications, compared to induction motors. See table, photo gallery.

 

Permanent magnet servomotors versus induction motor systems

Motor selection: When deciding on the use of permanent magnet (PM) servomotors or induction motor systems, consider dynamic performance, torque density, inertia matching, and control schemes.

 

Servos versus induction motors: Look at performance, costs

Choosing between servos and induction motors depends on the level of performance required by the application and costs. Induction motors are simple, low-cost, and straightforward. Servos can offer higher performance, faster speeds, and smaller sizes.

 

Drives and designs can make synchronous servo motors more efficient

Information in the last section of the cover story was summarized from this article. Energy-saving drive solutions - Industrial Energy Management: Intelligent concepts cut costs and protect the environment while saving energy; high-efficiency energy conversion and recovery of braking energy also can help.



No comments
The Engineers' Choice Awards highlight some of the best new control, instrumentation and automation products as chosen by...
The System Integrator Giants program lists the top 100 system integrators among companies listed in CFE Media's Global System Integrator Database.
Each year, a panel of Control Engineering and Plant Engineering editors and industry expert judges select the System Integrator of the Year Award winners in three categories.
This eGuide illustrates solutions, applications and benefits of machine vision systems.
Learn how to increase device reliability in harsh environments and decrease unplanned system downtime.
This eGuide contains a series of articles and videos that considers theoretical and practical; immediate needs and a look into the future.
Controller programming; Safety networks; Enclosure design; Power quality; Safety integrity levels; Increasing process efficiency
Additive manufacturing benefits; HMI and sensor tips; System integrator advice; Innovations from the industry
Robotic safety, collaboration, standards; DCS migration tips; IT/OT convergence; 2017 Control Engineering Salary and Career Survey
Featured articles highlight technologies that enable the Industrial Internet of Things, IIoT-related products and strategies to get data more easily to the user.
This article collection contains several articles on how automation and controls are helping human-machine interface (HMI) hardware and software advance.
This digital report will explore several aspects of how IIoT will transform manufacturing in the coming years.

Find and connect with the most suitable service provider for your unique application. Start searching the Global System Integrator Database Now!

Infrastructure for natural gas expansion; Artificial lift methods; Disruptive technology and fugitive gas emissions
Mobility as the means to offshore innovation; Preventing another Deepwater Horizon; ROVs as subsea robots; SCADA and the radio spectrum
Future of oil and gas projects; Reservoir models; The importance of SCADA to oil and gas
Automation Engineer; Wood Group
System Integrator; Cross Integrated Systems Group
Jose S. Vasquez, Jr.
Fire & Life Safety Engineer; Technip USA Inc.
This course focuses on climate analysis, appropriateness of cooling system selection, and combining cooling systems.
This course will help identify and reveal electrical hazards and identify the solutions to implementing and maintaining a safe work environment.
This course explains how maintaining power and communication systems through emergency power-generation systems is critical.
click me