Students produce energy from modified knee brace for artificial heart research

Engineering students from Rice University have created an energy-generating knee brace that generates power with every knee bend that is funneled into a battery; the plan is to extend this research to help power artificial hearts.


The energy-harvesting device invented by Rice University students amplifies the motion of a knee as it bends. Courtesy: Jeff Fitlow, Rice UniversityEngineering students at Rice University in Houston have created an energy-generating knee brace that they hope may someday help power artificial hearts.

The device is a modified medical brace that generates power with every bend of the knee. The electricity produced by a motor attached to the joint of the brace is funneled into a battery, but someday may go straight back into one's body.

The brace produces 4 W of energy as the wearer walks and feeds it to a lithium-ion battery pack.

That's not quite enough power for the artificial heart being developed by the students' sponsors, Omar Kabir and John Bartos of Houston-based Cameron International, which brought the energy-harvesting project to Rice. However, the team collectively known as Farmers—the third to take on the multiyear project that started with a shoe-based generator—has pushed the technology significantly forward.

"We added a power conversion and storage system that was not present in the device at the beginning of this year," said Hutson Chilton, a bioengineering major who also studies sustainability issues. "So we're getting about the same power output, but we're also able to convert it to direct current and store that into something useful."

Taylor Vaughn, an electrical engineering major, and three mechanical engineering majors, Adrian Bizzaro, Sean LaBaw, and Chase Gensheimer joined Hutson for the project. LaBaw is a junior; the others are seniors.

The brace is comfortable enough to wear for long periods, said Gensheimer, who has done most of the road testing, including stretches on a treadmill. "We had a previous design to build on, but we tried to make it lighter and easier to wear and move in."

Vaughn added, "We went through a very long process to get where we are today."

LaBaw said it was a challenge to reduce the mechanism and its casing to reasonable proportions while also reducing friction from the moving parts. "We didn't want somebody walking with a motor 6 inches off the knee and running into tables," he said.

The team expects a future version to supply energy wirelessly to medical devices like artificial hearts and other potentially life-saving applications.

Rice University 

- Edited from a news release by Chris Vavra, production editor, Control Engineering, See additional Control Engineering energy and power stories.

ONLINE extra

Watch a short video about the project here.

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