Embedded Systems, Edge Computing

AMP upgrades to edge controllers

Largest U.S. rotary heat-treating facility modernizes controls and automation with tight database integration.

By Josh Eastburn December 3, 2020
Courtesy: Opto 22

 

Learning Objectives

  • See how an upgrade includes sensors, controls and drives. 
  • Recognize a five-stage design with controllers for each. 
  • Learn how controls enable integrated recipe management as part of the design. 

Automation upgrades were needed to ensure reliable operations at American Metal Processing (AMP), which specializes in rotary heat treatment for deep case carburizing, carbonitriding, and neutral hardening processes.

However, with control system components dating back to the late 1990s, some experiencing regular failures, others approaching end-of-life, and no automation staff on-site to support them, “We knew we were on borrowed time,” said Grant Pinkos, president of AMP.

Realizing the need to modernize, Pinkos also saw an opportunity to make the system better than before. “We wanted it to be more than a control system,” he said. “We wanted it to be intelligent.”

For AMP, this meant addressing the need for automated interlocking and alarm notification as well as integrating their backend structured query language (SQL) database, which served as the repository for material tracking and process recipes.

Figure 1: One of AMP’s seven upgraded furnace lines takes advantage of modern, flexible controller architecture with Opto 22’s groov EPIC (edge programmable industrial controller). Courtesy: Opto 22

Figure 1: One of AMP’s seven upgraded furnace lines takes advantage of modern, flexible controller architecture with Opto 22’s groov EPIC (edge programmable industrial controller). Courtesy: Opto 22

Controls upgrade: Sensors, controls, drives

Given the scope of its controls upgrade — including computerized weighing, burner control, and drive control — along with these other opportunistic improvements, AMP knew it would require a custom solution. After researching the state of the art, they decided an edge programmable industrial controller would offer the most value and versatility.

Even without controls expertise in-house, Pinkos was confident taking on the task. “I could see the pieces coming together… When I realized I could do data logging with [an edge controller], that checked another box for me. Once we found a way for our lot tracking database to use REST calls to extract data from the [controller], then we had a complete solution.”

In just a few months, and at a fraction of the cost of traditional solutions, AMP had a design that was ready to deploy when one of its existing programmable logic controllers (PLCs) finally died.

Figure 2: The new operator interface, built using the Opto 22’s groov EPIC embedded HMI server, incorporates data from many sources, including an IP camera feed and work order database. Courtesy: Opto 22

Figure 2: The new operator interface, built using the Opto 22’s groov EPIC embedded HMI server, incorporates data from many sources, including an IP camera feed and work order database. Courtesy: Opto 22

Five-stage design with controls for each

Each of AMP’s seven furnace lines consisted of five stages (feeding, washing, heating, quenching, and conveying), each run by separate control devices. Pinkos’s design incorporated many of these control elements into one program. Then, using the controller’s embedded human-machine interface (HMI) server, he created a unified operator interface incorporating additional data sources: IP camera feeds, process trends, and alarm notifications.

Then, in addition to signaling process alarms with light and sound beacons around the furnace perimeter, AMP connected the edge controller to the company PA system. They used the controller’s embedded IoT engine to query the company’s operations database for alarm occurrences, generate a string representation of each (for example, “Temper furnace 204 overtemp alarm”), and send the string through a text-to-speech (TTS) function, creating unique audio announcements that directed operators to the specific piece of equipment needing attention.

Figure 3: Opto 22’s groov EPIC provides an ecosystem of embedded applications for visualization, device integration, connectivity and data processing. Courtesy: Opto 22

Figure 3: Opto 22’s groov EPIC provides an ecosystem of embedded applications for visualization, device integration, connectivity and data processing. Courtesy: Opto 22

Controls enable integrated recipe management

With the furnace line’s controller connected to the company database, Pinkos was able to put the final piece of the puzzle in place by integrating recipe management and work order tracking into the control program and HMI. Instead of requiring operators to manually copy recipe parameters from a separate computer, the controller queries the database for the appropriate process values (feed rate, retort speed, temperature, oscillation period, and more) and feeds them to the control program. Work order information entered by the operators is then recorded back into the database along with process data captured from the run.

Many of AMP’s customers are Tier 1 and 2 suppliers to original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) in the automotive industry, so AMP knew investing in tight integration would be important in the long run. These changes also helped reduce operator error, streamline 24/7 process monitoring and improve customer confidence. “The new system is easy to understand and even easier to visualize,” Pinkos said, “which builds confidence with existing customers and helps attract new ones.”

Josh Eastburn is director of technical marketing, Opto 22. Edited by Mark T. Hoske, content manager, Control EngineeringCFE Media and Technology, mhoske@cfemedia.com.

MORE ANSWERS 

KEYWORDS: Industrial controllers, edge controllers

CONSIDER THIS 

Beyond reliability, what capabilities are your applications missing without an automation upgrade?


Josh Eastburn
Author Bio: Josh Eastburn is director of technical marketing, Opto 22. After 12 years as an automation engineer working in the semiconductor, petrochemical, food and beverage, and life sciences industries, Eastburn works with the engineers at Opto 22 to understand the needs of tomorrow's customers. He is a contributing writer at blog.opto22.com.