Industrie 4.0 and the smart services welt
Visionaries predict that the factories of the future will be 30% more productive as a result of smart services. To achieve this, today’s manufacturers need to invest in building algorithms for small data.
The Smart Services Welt 2025 report was published in March 2015 and builds on the original Industrie 4.0 report from April 2013. A "welt," according to the Oxford Dictionary, is a leather rim sewn around the edge of a shoe, but in this context it is German for "world." The report stated:
"In the smart factory, individual customer orders determine manufacturing processes and the associated supply chains. The smart factory produces smart products; intelligent, networked objects, devices and machines that underpin the services provided in the smart service welt. These smart services are put together based on users’ needs. In the smart service welt, all of these machines, systems and factories can be easily connected to the internet via digital platforms, using the ‘plug & use’ approach. They are then represented virtually on these platforms. Their integration via the platforms enables the field data level i.e. the products operating data—to be accessed from any location."
The vision imagines a world (welt) whereby factories can post requests for these services on fully automated marketplaces. Service providers respond to these requests. Whilst it’s initially difficult to imagine this model, examples are beginning to appear. Imagine supplying a predictive maintenance service on demand. The data will be there, it’s the cleverest algorithm which will be bought/hired as a service.
Of course, there are many barriers to be overcome, but the report predicts the following: "As a result, by 2025, the productivity of the German manufacturing industry will rise by more than 30%. Despite being a high-wage economy, Germany has been able to maintain value creation and employment levels whilst securing its long-term competitiveness."
For people involved in real manufacturing in the real welt today, visionary statements are all very well, but how do they translate today? Today’s action, today’s decisions, today’s commitment of resources (money and people) can drive us in the right direction. Thinking carefully through those services an initial step is the use of small data. Start building algorithms and use them for immediate and future benefit.
Mike James is immediate past chairman on the MESA International Board of Directors. This article was originally posted on MESA International’s blog. MESA International is a CFE Media content partner. Edited by Carly Marchal, content specialist, CFE Media.