Time is now to address suboptimized operations
As technology has evolved, new products and tools have emerged to expand manufacturing technology beyond the factory floor through real-time information sharing, data exchange and knowledge management. Today’s popular technologies, including manufacturing execution systems (MES) and enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems, are much more easily integrated, making it possible for manufacturing organizations to think about their operations holistically.
| Symptoms of Suboptimization
When manufacturing operations do not align with other enterprise functions, you may experience a broad range of problems, including:
Poor visibility / predictability of operationsMore focus on cost than pricingMissed ship datesToo many (or slow) changeoversExcess or slow-moving inventoryIncreased raw material usageDecreased yieldProduct downgrades / rework / wasteExtended order to cash cycleToo many SKUsLack of flexibility to meet customer demandsPoorly functional organization
When information flows across the boundaries of functional business silos, business processes become streamlined – eliminating waste of many kinds, reducing costs and driving efficiency throughout the enterprise. To achieve maximum business results, organizations must integrate their operations horizontally – across the entire enterprise – as well as vertically, from the plant floor to the board room. However, many organizations still have not taken the critical step to integrate their operations and provide near real-time information and control and may therefore be "suboptimizing" their operations.
Another aspect and benefit of enterprise integration and automation is knowledge management. A company inherently should (and must) own the intellectual property of the business. That intellectual property includes the "tribal knowledge" that is required (and used daily) to effectively, efficiently and safely operate a manufacturing facility. In many cases such knowledge lies in the hands (and heads) of the workforce.
Unless robust and comprehensive systems are in place to capture and maintain that knowledge, the business is inherently at risk. This is not a risk that you can buy insurance for; your "premium" for mitigating this very real risk is the investment required to put in place and maintain the necessary business processes and technology for ongoing knowledge management. Arguably, the loss of intellectual property through a "knowledge disturbance" is at least as likely, and potentially more impactful, than that of traditional business interruptions such as weather. In essence, your intellectual property goes home every evening and may not come back due to many reasons, including retirement, resignation or health problems.
Business transformation and integration projects are always challenging, but are particularly difficult when you’re busy expanding and growing, so consider moving forward now. Bridge the gap between today’s low productivity and tomorrow’s high demand by integrating and improving the entire manufacturing enterprise.
As if the slow economy weren’t enough of a challenge, today’s manufacturers must also contend with a range of other factors that limit profitability. Production obviously requires much more than the push of a button, and each variable has the potential to impact efficiency. Many of these variables relate to customer demands and rising complexity in today’s marketplace.
The most common factors that impact manufacturing efficiency include the following:
Product customization – Increased demand for custom products requires custom and flexible manufacturing and supply chain processes.
Real-time decision-making – Customers and suppliers expect manufacturers to respond to marketplace changes with ever-increasing speed and agility.
Global supply chains – Worldwide sourcing, global distribution and localized production overseas add complexity to supply chains and threaten the efficiency of product flow.
Regulatory compliance – Environmental controls and other regulations may restrict outputs and yields or require more production time.
Product genealogy and traceability – For safety, compliance and quality reasons, manufacturers must track raw materials all the way through production and delivery to the end user.
Supply and demand rationalization – Link your orders (in real time) and new business pipeline directly to your production plan and operations.
Opportunities for improvement
As mentioned above, manufacturing technologies and the marketplace have continued to advance in spite of economic slowdown. If a plant hasn’t been upgraded in the past several years, it’s just a matter of time before the facility becomes noticeably outdated and the competition passes by. Look within for high-value, high-return, competitively differentiating strategic investments. Consider the following areas of improvements:
1. Reduce utility usage.
2. Increase capacity.
3. Enable faster changeovers.
3. Develop operating dashboards that enable plant workers to make on-the-spot decisions.
4. Speed time to market for new products or packages.
5. Improve agility so the plant can respond "on the fly" to changing economic conditions and customer demands.
6. Rationalize the supplier base.
7. Transform, integrate and optimize business and manufacturing processes.
Investments in your plant delivers a range of benefits that impact your bottom line, including: improved quality, less rework, increased yield, reduced raw material consumption, fewer unplanned interruptions, lower inventory, shorter time to market for new products, customer relationships, internal collaboration, competitiveness within the marketplace, and better business overall.
Of course, if you make your investment too hastily, you may be disappointed with the results. Carefully evaluate all of your technology and service options in order to avoid the pitfalls that may slow your capital deployment and consequently your ROI. Never invest in technology for the sake of technology. To make a truly strategic investment, an organization must address a holistic combination of people, processes and technologies.
Other factors that impact your return on investment include:
Inadvertently suboptimizing parts of your business – You must focus on the enterprise holistically, particularly at the outset. Don’t get drawn into the trap of piecemeal solutions that don’t integrate vertically or horizontally. In order to maximize your ROI, the capital investment must be designed to be leveraged as much as is practical and appropriate. An appropriate technology reuse strategy is a must.
"Regret capital" – A well-orchestrated and planned Capex program will prevent you from making investments that must be later "undone" or replaced as you work to integrate the entire enterprise in the future.
Technologies that require special skills or maintenance – If your investment requires hiring specialized personnel or paying exorbitant maintenance fees, these additional costs may outweigh the efficiency benefits of the technologies. Look for technologies with a large installation base (preferably in the company’s region) to ensure that available resources will know how to work with them.
The financial strength and experience of the solutions provider – Be sure to select a solutions provider who is forward-thinking and disciplined. Make sure this provider will survive the poor economy as well as any marketplace shifts that may follow. Ideally, you will partner with this provider for at least 10 years. This partner should also have years of experience doing similar work for other companies, and references should be available to you. Be careful to select a partner who is flexible, one who can (and will) grow and change with your ever-evolving business needs.
Also, take care to choose a partner who will not only help you develop your strategy, but will also manage implementation and perform much of the program. Many times the handoff between strategic technology planning and tactical implementation leaves a gap that can reduce the overall return of the investment. It may seem like a lot to think about, but a simple guide leads you through the process.
Paul J. Galeski, P.E., CAP is with Maverick Technologies, LLC . This article is adapted from Maverick Technologies whitepaper, "In Today’s Economy, the Best Investment Is in Your Own Back Yard: How to Invest in Yourself for Maximum ROI."
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