What is robotics?
Robotics refers to the study design or equipment comprising robots. A robot is an automated enclosure of motion control devices traditionally designed for a single purpose, but recent designs can more easily be reapplied in multiple applications. Collaborative robotics work in proximity to humans. Mobile robots change locations to transport goods or affect changes to a process. Robot types often are defined by the type of arm(s) they have.
Understanding how machine vision works will help you see if machine vision will clear up specific application difficulties in manufacturing or processing.