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Robotics

The role of collaborative robots in Industry 5.0

Industry 5.0 will emphasize collaborative robotics as well as human input while encouraging many of the positive aspects that Industry 4.0 brought to the plant floor.

By Robotic Industries Association (RIA) June 5, 2020
Courtesy: OTTO Robots/RIA

For many years, the goal of the manufacturing industry has been simple – create smart, automated production flows that emphasize digital communication and the collection of data to continuously optimize production.

This model of production is known as Industry 4.0, which is really an umbrella term that lumps together a variety of things like cyber-physical systems, the Internet of Things, cloud computing, cognitive computing, and artificial intelligence (AI).

There may be an even better system on the horizon: Industry 5.0, which emphasizes collaborative robotics and values human input.

What is Industry 5.0?

In contrast to Industry 4.0, Industry 5.0 aims to put the human touch back into development and production. Industry 5.0 is all about granting human operators the benefits of robots such as technical precision and heavy-lifting capabilities. This ability for humans to perform difficult or laborious tasks with relative ease will allow the introduction of a higher degree of control and the ability to individualize every phase of production.

The benefits of an Industry 5.0 model include greater potential for customization which, unlike automated Industry 4.0 systems, will allow for greater job creation. Not just any job, but long-term, high-value careers. Let the robots do the boring, dangerous, and dirty stuff and let the humans do the creative, interesting stuff. Dubbed “new collar” workers, these roles do not require a 4-year degree, but rather require significant technical and soft skills, and will be the future of manufacturing.

Collaborative robots are ushering in Industry 5.0

Where Industry 4.0 was focused mainly on ensuring consistency of quality, flow and data collection, Industry 5.0 puts more attention on highly-skilled people and robots working side-by-side to create individualized products for the customer.

In Industry 4.0, humans and robots worked independently. They may have worked on the same production line but there were clear delineations between where the robot worked and where the human worked.

With Industry 5.0, that delineation gets hazier as humans and robots start to work side-by-side and even together. These types of robots are known as collaborative robots and will accomplish the required tasks of heavy lifting and ensuring consistency while the skilled human provides the cognitive skills of a craftsperson. Collaborative robots can change the relationship between man and machine in the context of production.

The human touch

One of the most important implications of collaborative robotics and Industry 5.0 is the need for human input that extends beyond current iterations. Collaborative robots allow humans and robots to work together on the same task. For example, a robot can do the rough polishing of speaker cabs, while a human refines the work and does on-the-spot quality control.

Collaborative robots and Industry 5.0 represent a new age in robotics and production.

This article originally appeared on the Robotics Online BlogRobotic Industries Association (RIA) is a part of the Association for Advancing Automation (A3), a CFE Media content partner. Edited by Keagan Gay, digital media and production coordinator, CFE Media, kgay@cfemedia.com.


Robotic Industries Association (RIA)