How to get an automation project approved
Gain approvals for an automation project by building a case for the capital expenditures and return on investment, according to Thomas Braydich, senior manufacturing operations management consultant, Matrix Technologies, a system integrator based in Maumee, Ohio. Previously Tom Braydich had automation responsibilities for Campbell Soup. Braydich made his comments on April 30 at the 2015 CSIA Executive Conference, in Arlington, Va.
Automation ROI checklist
To build a case for spending on automation, Braydich said, list and quantify potential benefits, including in these 15 areas:
1. Inventory reductions
2. Decreased obsolescence
3. Scrap reductions
4. Greater throughput
5. Less expense
6. Long-term continuous improvement benefits
7. Faster returns on investment (ROI)
8. Information visibility, such as knowing the plant’s capabilities, with visibility up and down manufacturing process
9. Process agility with faster reactions to changes in customer plans
10. Material velocity
11. Common platforms
12. Better support for government regulations and digital records for lot tracking, hazard analysis and critical control points (HACCP), and U.S. 21 CFR Part 11
13. Program alignment of manufacturing execution systems (MES) and enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems to enable world-class manufacturing
14. Less paper
15. More real-time information retrieval as needed.
Automation savings examples
Shifting from paper to digital record keeping has huge potential savings. In one year, Braydich said, one plant generated more than 1 million pieces of paper. Hours can be wasted with retrieval and data analysis for regulatory compliance and process improvements. Real-time information retrieval also improves manufacturing productivity by giving decision makers a better understanding of capabilities, such as which line can produce which products most efficiently and when.
Also, Braydich noted, regulatory compliance can be scary, especially if a regulator walks in unannounced, demanding to see records, when the usual compliance person is unavailable.
Maximum ROI for an automation project at Campbell Soup was about 4 years, although infrastructure projects could be longer, he said. Investments should be viewed as opportunities to support strategic growth.
Automation savings, types
Braydich said savings for automation investments include:
- Delivery performance improvements of 16% to 18%
- Inventory reduction of 25% to 60%
- Productivity gains of 10% to 16%
- Indirect labor cost reductions of 25% to 50%.
Types of automation projects might include statistical process control (SPC) and workflow solutions to augment safety, quality, and regulatory compliance.
MES software can be used to collect and parse data for ERP, since ERP systems generally don’t like minutia, Braydich said. Better input allows better management of operational data, providing visibility in real time.
Linking disparate systems can help. MES can be blind to what it’s connecting. Mobility capabilities can get information where it needs to be to help improve product yield, increase throughput, reduce manual data collection, and deliver real-time key performance indicators.
If a golden batch was delivered yesterday with 92% efficiency, and today wasn’t even close, can those involved see why, and make adjustment, as it is happening? Software systems are available to help with alerts, allowing operators and others to be proactive, correlating production data to be smarter. Modern software helps with conformance and schedule-to-order needs, improving overall asset effectiveness (OEE).
Availability improves because more is known about equipment, including predictive and adaptive maintenance capabilities.
Services from SIs
Rather than a large capital investment, some system integrators (SIs) may be willing to offer some of these capabilities as a service. Purchasing software, versus software as a service (SaaS) depends on many dynamic factors, company philosophy, support structure, and technical strengths of IT and engineering.
Who owns the application? Operations, IT, or…?
Does an organizational chart exist to clarify assets and processes? What are the mission critical applications and geographical locations involved?
Advice on controls investments
Audience questions revealed some additional advice from Braydich for quantifying automation investments.
1. Savings on operational expenditures (opex) often occur after capital expenditures (capex) are made.
2. Using system integrators to help quantify a project from the beginning may be more cost effective than a do-it-yourself effort.
3. Plant level plant personnel often are starving for analytics. Without plant-floor experience, board-level personnel may not understand this and may fault the floor supervisor for lack of information.
4. Doing a pilot can help, since other groups in other areas or plants may see the benefits and want to participate.
5. Find a mentor. Campbell Soup had a formal mentoring program, which can help fill in the blanks.
Matrix Technologies is CSIA Certified and a Control Engineering System Integrator of the Year winner in 2008 and 2012. CSIA stands for Control System Integrators Association.
– Mark T. Hoske, content manager, CFE Media, Control Engineering, email@example.com.
- It can be easier to gain approvals for automation investments with quantification of benefits.
- System integrators can help with that, and may offer software as a service.
- Pilot projects can help by proving benefits and building excitement for new automation investments.
What potential benefits are being overlooked just because current systems still work?
See advice from other Control Engineering and Plant Engineering ROI articles.
See other Braydich advice about system integration projects, linked below.